To strengthen good governance: Wildlife Alliance fulfills the role of watchdog conducting good governance oversight, both with the government departments responsible for law enforcement and the rangers themselves. This is a much needed function, which is often overlooked because of the desire of the international community to empower the local rangers. However, our long experience in wildlife and forest protection, has taught us that many years are needed before countries with low government transparency such as Cambodia are mature enough to be accountable for effective biodiversity protection. Wildlife Alliance builds the capacity of rangers on a daily basis, through on-the-job coaching by Wildlife Alliance officers living and working with the rangers.Our experience has shown that this methodology is very effective not only in ensuring the management of the station (including budget, logistics, equipment maintenance, first aid), but also in monitoring good governance by providing legal support to the Ministry of Environment rangers tasked with giving penalties and prison term to the offenders. Our presence and joint work with the government officers has yielded daily benefits: we verify the law enforcement documents that are written on each offender case (which are written by the Ministry of Environment Judicial Police Officers), we make sure that the legal penalties are not reduced in exchange for bribes, we monitor that the offenders are taken to court and do not escape, we monitor that the seized wildlife are not resold and that parts of seized timber are not stolen.