Clearing the rainforest results in poor sandy soils and low crop yields. The violent swings in tropical weather patterns is one the major challenges that these poor farmers face. In the hot season, temperatures rise too high for many varieties of crops to survive, and then, when the monsoon season arrives, rains are so strong that most of the seeds and soil are washed away, leaving only meagre harvests. Because of the tropical climate, farmers are working on a constantly degrading landscape and with ever-diminishing natural resources.
To make things worse, most rural villagers who resort to environmentally destructive activities such as wildlife poaching, logging, and slash-and-burn farming in order to make a living, have limited access to education, skills training, healthcare, and economic opportunities.